Challenge

Children at work

Children at work
Encuesta Nacional Especializada de Trabajo Infantil (ETI) de 2015

In Peru, around 2 million children are at work (26.1% of children aged 5-17). About 1.1 million children are in child labour (10.5%), there are 217 thousand adolescents aged 14-17 carry out dangerous work for their age specifically, measured by the intensity of hours worked during the week.

Significant differences exist by region because child labour is predominantly a rural phenomenon: 25.6% of the children in rural areas are in child labour, as compared to 4.7% in urban areas. Furthermore, mountain range and jungle concentrate the highest prevalence of children in child labor (18.8% and 13.2% respectively).

Peru is currently developing the Child Labor Risk Identification Model (MIRTI, for its acronym in Spanish), a policy instrument promoted by the Latin America and the Caribbean Free Child Labor Regional Initiative, of which Peru is a founding member, and which has been developed with support of the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean and the International Labor Organization, through which the probability of risk of child labor at the district level can be obtained, in order to focus the action of the national policy on the matter. Based on the MIRTI’s results, it can be mentioned that there are 557 districts with a high probability of risk of child labor at the national level, as well as 617 districts with a medium probability and 689 with little probability.

Regarding forced labor, the country does not have statistical information to establish a baseline to measure the incidence of this problem. For this reason, and as one of the commitments assumed as Pioneer Country of Alliance 8.7, the Peruvian State, through the General Directorate for Fundamental Rights and Safety and Health at Work, and the National Institute of Statistics and Informatics INEI,  is working in articulation with the International Labor Organization, in order to carry out a pilot survey in one region of the country, that could provide official figures in the medium term.

Child labour in rural vs urban areas

Child labour in rural vs urban areas
Encuesta Nacional Especializada de Trabajo Infantil (ETI) de 2015

Milestones

2002

Ratification of Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, 1999 (No. 182)

2007

Supreme Decree No. 009-2007-TR approved the creation of the i National Plan to Combat Forced Labour.

2011

National Plan of Action against Human Trafficking 2011-2016

2012

National Strategy for the Prevention and Eradication of Child Labor 2012-2021

2017

Legislative Decree No. 1323, dated January 6, which typifies the crime of forced labor in article 168-B of the Penal Code.

2019

Supreme Decree No. 015-2019-TR approved the creation of the III National Plan to Combat Forced Labour.

Priorities

  • Promote the signature of an inter-institutional collaboration agreement with the National Association of Municipalities of Peru (AMPE) and the National Assembly of Regional Governments to implement the Municipal Intervention Model against child labour at the national level 2020-2021.
  • Strengthen the social dialogue and institutionality of the Regional Directing Councils for the Prevention and Eradication of Child Labor (CDRPETI) during 2020.
  • Implement and link the Child Labor Risk Identification Model – MIRTI to the MIDISTRITO platform of the Ministry of Development and Social Inclusion, for better decision-making in public policy in relation to the prevention and eradication of child labor at the level of local governments (2020).
  • Promote supply chains free of child labor in sectors with high incidence and / or at greater risk of child labor (2019-2021).
  • Carry out a pilot survey on the prevalence of forced labor in the Cusco region (2019 – 2020) and to roll out the survey nationally to ensure statistical information is available by 2025.
  • Promote the process of submission of the 2014 Protocol on the ILO Forced Labor Convention.
  • Implement the Third National Plan for the Fight against Forced Labor 2019–2022.
  • Develop a project for the reintegration of victims of forced labor and/or human trafficking for the purposes of labor and sexual exploitation, during 2020-2021.

Progress

  • Launch of a new child-labour free label for companies “Sello Libre de Trabajo Infantil” for the promotion of child labour free supply chains in sectors with high incidence and/or of risk for child labour.
  • Inter-institutional Cooperation Agreement between the Ministry of Labour and Employment Promotion and National Institute of Statistics and Information Technology, which aims at carrying out the collection and processing of information on the prevalence of forced labour in the Cusco region
  • Ratification of Protocol of 2014 to the Forced Labour Convention, 1930
  • Approval of the Annual Operational Plan for the implementation of the III National Plan to Combat Forced Labour 2019 – 2022.
  • While Peru as pathfinder country has committed to a number of priorities to tackle child labour and forced labour, additional efforts have been directed towards strengthening the legal framework and national policies against human trafficking. For example:
    • Decentralization of public policies on trafficking
    • Implementation of the National Plan against Human Trafficking 2017-2021
    • Implementation of 23 regional plans against human trafficking in line with the National Plan on Human Trafficking
    • International agreements with Chile, Ecuador, Colombia and Argentina
    • Approval of the Project of Labour Reintegration of Victims of Forced Labor and/or Human Trafficking for Labour and Sexual Exploitation by the Board of Directors of FONDOEMPLEO

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