Pathfinder country

Nepal

SDG indicator 8.7.1 Proportion of children engaged in economic activity
With household chores - age 5-17 (2014) Without household chores - age 5-17 (2014)
Total 19.03 % 21.71 %
Female 19.25 % 23.07 %
Male 19.158 % 20.29 %
SDG indicator 5.3.1 Proportion of women aged 20 - 24 years who were married or in a union before age 15 and before age 18
7.90%
Before age 15 (2019)
32.80%
Before age 18 (2019)
Latest ratifications - View all
C138
30 May 1997
Ratified
C029
03 Jan 2002
Ratified
C105
30 Aug 2007
Ratified
SDG indicator 16.2.2 Number of victims of human trafficking per 100,000 population
0.54
2008
0.73
2009
0.71
2010
0.52
2011
0.99
2012
0.87
2013
0.97
2014
2015
1.26
2016
1.1
2017
1.92
2018
2.13
2019
6.89
2020
2021
2022
SDG indicator 16.2.2 Number of victims of human trafficking for forced labour, servitude and slavery, per 100,000 population
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
0.84
2018
0.32
2019
0.14
2020
2021
2022
Sources: UN SDG & ILO Normlex

Learn more about Nepal

Priorities

  • Align federal laws related to child labour with national laws by 2019 and ensure coherence between child labour policies and education laws, in terms of children’s ages, to establish a coherent countrywide legal framework.
  • Establish committees for child labour inspection at the provincial and local levels, to complement workplace inspection systems.
  • Enhance monitoring capacity and establish local committees for child labour monitoring and rescue. Monitoring is critical for policy design; however it is often difficult, particularly in the informal economy.
  • Declare ten child labour free municipalities by 2020, to serve as example for other municipalities.

Progress

  • The Action Plan of the National Master Plan (NMP -II) has been approved and endorsed by the Ministry of Labour, Employment and Social Security (MoLESS) and it is being implemented.  
     
  • The provincial dialogue on Child Labour and Forced Labour is completed in six out of seven provinces. The district-level sensitization program was held during this reporting period.  
     
  • The Ministry of Land Management, Cooperatives and Poverty Alleviation (MOLCPA) has drafted Integrated Rehabilitation Procedure and Action Plan for the rehabilitation of the former bonded labour (freed Haliya, Kamaiya, Kamlari and Haruwa-Charuwa) with the technical assistance of ILO/Bridge Project.  
     
  • MoLESS has drafted an Integrated Forced Labour Act with the technical assistance of the ILO/Bridge Project.  
     
  • MoLESS developed IEC Materials together with ILO (Radio PSA on Child Labour in three languages, Posters, Policy Brief, TV PSAs).  
     
  • In the Nepali fiscal year (2021-22), in total 5771 children have received protection support from National Child Rights Council; 3795 among them were girls.  
     
  • 197 local levels (municipalities and rural municipalities) have assigned child welfare officers and among them, 180 local levels have established child funds.
     
  • There is a local child rights committee at 206 local levels and child protection policies are in place at 290 local levels.  
     
  • The Nepal Police’s Anti-Trafficking Bureau has conducted capacity-building programs for its case investigation team and its community police sensitizes communities on a regular basis. This year, they have counselled 2481 people about the risk of trafficking.  
     
  • 145 human trafficking cases were registered with Nepal Police: 215 male and 76 female perpetrators were held.  
     
  • Regional Consultation on the Elimination of Child Labour was held in Nepal which was organized by the Ministry of Women, Children, and Senior Citizens, and the program was coordinated by National Action and Coordination Group (NACG). The program developed a regional strategy document, and it is in the consultation process for validation.

International Instruments

Zone Ilo Instrument État Ratification date CEACR comments
Child Labour
C138
Ratification of C138 - Minimum Age Convention (1973)
In Force 30 May 1997
Child Labour, Forced Labour, Human Trafficking, Modern Slavery
C182
Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention (1999)
In Force 03 Jan 2002
Child Labour, Modern Slavery
C029
Forced Labour Convention (1930)
In Force 03 Jan 2002
Forced Labour, Modern Slavery
C105
Abolition of Forced Labour Convention (1957)
In Force 30 Aug 2007
Freedom of Association
C098
Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention (1949)
In Force 11 Nov 1996
Discrimination
C100
Equal Remuneration Convention (1951)
In Force 10 Jun 1976
Discrimination
C111
Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention (1958)
In Force 19 Sep 1974
Sources: ILO Normlex & UN Treaty Collection

Milestones

2017

Nepal passes the Labour Act, which prohibits forced labour and sets penalties for forced labour violations. The government adopts a National Master Plan on Child Labour and the Nepal Road Map on the Implementation of SDGs, which aims to end child labour by 2030 through progressive reduction. A component on forced labour is included in the regular data collection system.

2012

Nepal launches the new National Plan of Action on Combating Human Trafficking.

2010

An annual national household survey is undertaken for the first time, which allows the government to regularly monitor child labour.

RESOURCES
Nepal Pathfinder Country Progress Report 2021-2022
Nepal Pathfinder Country Progress Report 2021-2022
Nepal Pathfinder Country Strategic Workshop Report
Nepal Strategic Workshop Report
Nepal PFC progress reports
Nepal Pathfinder Country Progress Report 2022 - 2023